Discovery and Optimization of 5-Amino-1,2,3-triazole-4-carboxamide Series against Trypanosoma cruzi

14 Sep 2017
Brand S, Ko EJ, Viayna E, Thompson S, Spinks D, Thomas M, Sandberg L, Francisco AF, Jayawardhana S, Smith VC, Jansen C, De Rycker M, Thomas J, MacLean L, Osuna-Cabello M, Riley J, Scullion P, Stojanovski L, Simeons FRC, Epemolu O, Shishikura Y, Crouch SD, Bakshi TS, Nixon CJ, Reid IH, Hill AP, Underwood TZ, Hindley SJ, Robinson SA, Kelly JM, Fiandor JM, Wyatt PG, Marco M, Miles TJ, Read KD, Gilbert IH.

Chagas' disease, caused by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, is the most common cause of cardiac-related deaths in endemic regions of Latin America. There is an urgent need for new safer treatments because current standard therapeutic options, benznidazole and nifurtimox, have significant side effects and are only effective in the acute phase of the infection with limited efficacy in the chronic phase. Phenotypic high content screening against the intracellular parasite in infected VERO cells was used to identify a novel hit series of 5-amino-1,2,3-triazole-4-carboxamides (ATC). Optimization of the ATC series gave improvements in potency, aqueous solubility, and metabolic stability, which combined to give significant improvements in oral exposure. Mitigation of a potential Ames and hERG liability ultimately led to two promising compounds, one of which demonstrated significant suppression of parasite burden in a mouse model of Chagas' disease.

Chagas